English Heritage Archive, UK ; Wooden Aztec War Drums; Ust-Polui, Salekhard, Siberia.

What is The English Heritage Archive, UK?

The English Heritage Archive is a collection of archaeological records which are available to the public. They are physically held at Swindon, in the county of Wiltshire.

English Heritage Archive Wiki Commons
English heritage Archive
Wiki Commons

Records in the archives were started in 1908 and were collected by the Royal Commission of Historic and Ancient Monuments (RCHME). The reason for collecting and recording the information was due to the possible threat of war and a need to record and preserve buildings, surveys, drawings, historic photographs, aerial and survey photos.

Screenshot (2)
Screenshot of the Archive’s homepage

In 1999 the RCHME merged with English Heritage and were called the National Monuments Records. In 2012 it was renamed the English Heritage Archive.

The records are available to the public either by going along and seeing them personally or by viewing them online at http://www.englishheritagearchives.org.uk/

References

  •  English Heritage Archives  http://www.englishheritagearchives.org.uk/

 

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Archaeology Wow!! – Wooden Aztec War Drums

The Aztec people, from central America, used drums in both times of war and peace. The war drum was called a Heuhuetl.

War Drum
War Drum ©www.mexicolore.co.uk

The drum is a hollowed out tree trunk that had an elaborately carved body with a skin, usually that of a jaguar, stretched over the top.

The 4 Movement design common on the Drum ©mexicolore.co.uk
The 4 Movement design common on the Drum
©mexicolore.co.uk

The carvings on the drum were war related and the most common symbol was that of the water-fire symbol. Movement was represented by images of the eagle feather design which signified the Warrior Spirit.

The drums were used for calling warriors together for battle as well as being used on the battlefield itself. When on the battlefield the drums would signal either an attack or a withdrawal to the warriors.

Watch the following video to get a better idea of these amazing drums!

References

  • 4 Movement Design http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/images-2/292_03_2.jpg
  • Hassig. R. 1995. Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.

 

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Archaeological Site Guide – Ust-Polui, Salekhard

Ust-Polui is an archaeological site located at Salekhard in Northern Siberia, within the arctic circle, dating from between the 3rd-1st centuries BC.

Excavations ©siberiantimes.com
Excavations
©siberiantimes.com

The site was first discovered in 1932 and archaeologists often return to the site in order to answer mire of their research questions about its origin, uses and when or why it was abandoned.

Finds from the site continue to amaze those that excavate there and include small carved figures, metal pendants, pottery, a carved metal bird with a mask featuring on its chest, artefacts carved from antlers, whalebone, a whalebone breastplate and artefacts from the harnesses of reindeer, that were domesticated by the local people.

Artefacts ©siberiantimes.com
Artefacts
©siberiantimes.com

These finds all demonstrate that the site was inhabited during the Bronze and Iron Ages. Other finds indicate that reindeer were used as transport, for food and for sacrificial offerings to their Gods.

Due to the number of bear related artefacts that the archaeologists have uncovered it is believed that the site is related to a Cult of the Bear, that is, people worshiped images of bears. The artefacts include ancient jewelry, and a beautifully decorated ring beleived to have been worn by a bear.

In such a remote place it is amazing to find such as site and I hope the excavations continue so we can learn more about the people who once lived there!

References

 

 

 

Great Books to Read…….

Great Web Pages to Look At…….

 

Activity – word-search-20-february-2015-docx

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