Australopithecus afarensis

Reconstruction of Australopithecus afarensis  © Rafaelamonteiro80
Reconstruction of Australopithecus afarensis
© Rafaelamonteiro80

Name:                                Australopithecus afarensis

Other names:                 Lucy; The First Family

Age:                                    3.85 – 2.195 million years ago

Height:                              Males 1.51 m tall (4 foot 11 inches); Females 1.05 m (3 foot 5                                                         inches)

Weight:                             Males 42 kg (92 lbs); Females 29 kg (64 lbs)

Brain Size:                       400 – 500 cc


                • Ape-like face
                • No chin
                • Flat nose
                • Long arms
                • Walked upright

Diet:                                    Ate mostly plants and fruit.

Culture:                             Lived in the trees and also on the ground.

Tool Culture:                  None known

Date Discovered:           1974

Area Discovered:           Hadar, Ethiopia, Africa

Who Discovered:           Dr Donald Johanson



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  • Campbell. B. G. 2009. Human Evolution: An Introduction to Man’s Adaptions. Jersey, USA: Transaction Publishers.
  • Collins. D., Whitehouse. R., Henig. M., & Whitehouse. D. 1973. Background to Archaeology: Britain and its European Setting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cunliffe. B. 2001. The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feder. K. L. 2007. The Past in Perspective: An Introduction to Human Prehistory. London: McGraw Hill.
  • Gamble. C. 1999. The Palaeolithic Societies of Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Khanna. D. R. 2004. Human Evolution. New Delhi, India: Discovery Publishing House.
  • Turnbaugh. W. A., Jurmain. R., Kilgore. L., & Nelson. H. 2002. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology. 8th Edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
  • By 120 (own picture worked with photoshop) [GFDL (, CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or CC-BY-2.5 (], via Wikimedia Commons


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