Name: Homo neanderthalis
Age: 300,000 – 28,000 years ago
Height: Male 1.64m (5 foot 5 inches) average; Female 1.55m (5 foot 1 inch) average
Weight: Males 65 kg (143 lbs); Females 54 kg (119 lbs)
Brain Size: 1200 cc – 1450 cc Larger than modern human brains
Description: Short bodies, thick bones, oldest remains found in Spain dating to 300,000 years ago
Diet: Large and small mammals including reindeer and red deer, mollusks, seals, dolphins, berries, nuts and plants.
Culture: Mostly uncovered in Europe and western Asia, made ornamental objects, symbolic objects, lived in shelters, wore clothing, controlled fire, buried their dead, sometimes marked graves of those they had buried.
Tool Culture: At the time period of the Mousterian Culture. They made flakes, scrapers, points from cores, to make knives, spears, bows and arrows. These were used for hunting and sewing.
Date Discovered: 1856
Area Discovered: Neander Valley, near Düsseldorf, Germany
Who Discovered: Workmen quarrying limestone – they informed French paleontologist Marcellin Boule.
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